Duffus & Co. Ltd. Architects. Architects specializing in
            conservation                              Province House,

Home Company Conservation Preservation Renovation Institutional Residential

Graeme F. Duffus
  • Kings College School, Windsor, Nova Scotia 1967
  • Pre-Engineering, B.Sc. - Dalhousie University 1970
  • B.Arch., Nova Scotia Technical College (TUNS) 1975
  • Atlantic Region Council of Architects Design Award - Stoddard 1982
  • Nova Scotia Home Award - Bedford Park 1985
  • Nova Scotia Home Award - James Kerr Properties, Honourable Mention 1993
  • Lieut.Governor's Design Award - James Kerr Properties, Honourable Mention 1994
  • Lieut.Governor's Design Award - Government House, Citation 1997
  • Lieut.Governor's Design Award - Carleton House, Honourable Mention 2001
  • Lieut.Governor's Design Award - 1861 and 1883/85 Granville Street, Citation 2011
  • Lieut.Governor's Design Award - Halifax City Hall, Honourable Mention 2014
  • Canadian association of Heritage Professionals - Halifax City Hall, Award of Excellence for Conservation of Buildings, Structures, Engineering Works and Landscapes - Rehabilitation 2014. 
  • "Hidden Treasure: Carleton House" 1994 The Heritage Consultant's Forum
  • Carleton House - Living History In Halifax 1997  Heritage Trust and Nimbus Publishings
  • "Andrew R Cobb, Architect" 2000 The Griffin
  • "Preserving Canada's Oldest Official Residence..." 2001 Construction Canada
  • Technical / Adaptive Solutions for Large Projects: The Conservation of Halifax City Hall and Grand Parade.  Heritage Canada Conference, 2014
  • History of Masonry and Architecture: Stirling, Cobb and Duffus .  Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia, 2011
  • Avoiding Masonry Problems .  CSC conference, 2008
  • Historic Downtown Masonry Building.   APTI conference, 2005
  • Masonry Buildings in a Marine Environment ICOMOS Conference, 2001
  • Carleton House and Gibb's Influence on Canadian Architecture .  SSAC, 1999
  • Examining Collaborative ProjectsCAPHC - Toronto, 1997
  • Carleton House and the Hon. Richard Bulkeley . Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia, 1995
  • Adaptive Re-use of Older BuildingsTUNS, 2 days 1987
  • International Mainstreet ConferenceHalifax World Trade Center 1986

Mr. Duffus has been involved in a wide variety of Architectural projects since 1971. As the founding principal of the firm of G. F. Duffus & Company Ltd., Architects in 1984, he has been responsible for projects in the fields of housing, planning, commercial and institutional buildings, both in the governmental and private sector.

As a special interest, Mr. Duffus has prepared Conservation Plans for numerous heritage buildings and undertaken over 220 projects with varying degrees of repair up to full Restoration as of the end of 2010. Conservation Plans include St. Patrick's Church, NSCAD, Stella Maris Church, the Runciman House, Scott Manor House, St. John's Anglican Church, the Old Covenanter Church and the Quaker House. He has also undertaken a study on a Terra Cotta structure and prepared designs to put new foundations under four Heritage Buildings. Major Heritage projects include the preparation of plans for the restoration of the exterior fabric of Halifax City Hall (construction is currently underway), Province House, Government House and the Provincial Court House on Spring Garden Road. In 2002 Mr. Duffus was engaged by the City of Moncton to document, interpret and relocate the Treitz Haus (c.1767), the oldest building in the city. Other completed heritage projects include the relocation and restoration of the Cornish Pumphouse; the restoration and adaptive reuse of the old Moir's Mill Power Plan; conservation of the Exterior Fabric of the Halifax Club (1862) and consultation on the exterior fabric of the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia.

In 1998/99 Mr. Duffus was the architect for the Yarmouth County Museum Expansion Phase I & II. This project involved a sympathetic understanding of how to insert new buildings on a site with additions / links into existing heritage structures and make it all barrier free, within a Heritage Conservation District.

Mr. Duffus has been engaged for several projects with a number of local institutions for many years. At Dalhousie, he has undertaken several masonry projects. These include, but are not limited to: work on the Dunn Building in both 2000 and 2010; a report on the exterior fabric of the Forrest Building in 2001, which led to a four phase project that was completed in 2007; and a 2002 assessment of Shirreff Hall, which also led to a four phase project that was completed in 2008. In addition, following an assessment of Howe Hall, which revealed the need for urgent repairs, the full rehabilitation of the Cameron House wing, including both an interior upgrade and the exterior envelope, was also completed under a Construction Management approach in 2004. A brief assessment, focused on maintenance, was undertaken on all (4) buildings at the University of King's College in 2003. Mr. Duffus has also done work of a similar nature for both NSCAD and St. Mary's University. At NSCAD, he completed a full condition assessment in 2004 of all 22 buildings that comprise their historic downtown campus on Granville street. At St. Mary's Mr. Duffus has been engaged on work with several buildings since 2005. The Burke Building concrete restoration was completed in 2008 and the conservation of the masonry envelope of the McNally Building was completed in 2010.

In Saint John, NB, Mr. Duffus has been engaged for the restoration of the 12 building (1877) block, Centerbeam Place; and 2 King St, a sandstone Bank of Montreal building. He has also consulted on the East Saint John School, doing masonry conservation. Additionally Mr. Duffus has performed an assessment for the HMCS Brunswicker, a building with four types of sandstone, which is now undergoing a full renovation.

Locally, in Halifax, Mr. Duffus was involved in the Public Gardens project in 2005-7. G.F. Duffus and Company Ltd. is also presently part of a team undertaking the project redevelopment of the Alexander Keith Brewer District. The firm's responsibilities are the Conservation of Keith Hall and the design of adjacent in-fill buildings.

In the government and industrial sector, Mr. Duffus has been responsible for the renovations to the Bridgewater Plow Shed, and for two projects for the Department of Lands and Forests; the District Offices and Depot in Guysborough and the Forest Nursery and Education Complex in Middle Musquodoboit. Duffus and Company Ltd. designed an extension & renovation to the Defence Research Establishment Atlantic in Dartmouth for DND. The firm prepared documents for the North End Extension and Pre-Board Screening renovations at the Halifax International Airport ATB in 1988, Upgrade Centre Tunnel and for the Design-Build Tender for the Ticketing Expansion in 1997. Mr. Duffus was part of the Design-Build Team headed by Rideau Construction of Bedford, for the latter project. In 2000 Duffus & Company, partnered with Q2 Architects in Toronto, was part of a Design Build Team, with AXOR from Montreal, for the $25 million, North End Expansion project. While the team was unsuccessful, our design was deemed the most innovative. In cooperation with Porter Dillon, Mr. Duffus provided architectural services for the Leachate Treatment Plant in Sackville, the expansion of the Eastern Passage Sewage Treatment Plant, Irishtown Bale Fill Facility, Laidlaw Central Transfer Facility and the Mill Cove STP expansion.

Mr. Duffus' Housing experience ranges from small renovations & additions to custom home designs often with unique sites, up to multiple unit buildings such as the 39 unit Glencairn Condominium in Bedford. This project was part of a 20-acre multiple building project being developed over ten years for which the site planning won a 1985 NS Home Award for innovation in subdivision design. Mr. Duffus has also built a Cape Cod style home for sale and renovated four Historic Buildings as the General Contractor. Mr. Duffus has also completed a 44 unit condominium in Dartmouth, Victorian Estates after a 45 unit Apartment, Barrington Terrace, in Halifax, in late 2002. However, during recent years this area of the practice has been minimized to allow Mr. Duffus to focus on his particular interest in historic conservation work.

Prior to 1984, Mr. Duffus developed his architectural practice in association with Architectural Resource Consultants. From 1978-1982 Mr. Duffus was employed with Duffus Romans Kundzins and Rounsefell Limited where he was Project Architect for the Robertson's Hardware restoration, as part of the new Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. Mr Duffus also developed the conceptual design for this complex and designed the maritime vernacular boat sheds.

Mr. Duffus has also been active as a community volunteer over the years. He served as a member of Halifax's Heritage Advisory Committee from 1990, for a four year term. He is also a past Vice President of the Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia (2000-2007) and was on the board of Sacred Heart School (2004-2008). Mr. Duffus presently serves on the board of the Fort Sackville Foundation.

1496 Lower Water Street, Suite 315
Halifax Nova Scotia B3J 1R9
Phone: (902) 420-1851
Fax: (902) 425-7445
Email: gfduffus@gfduffusandco.ca